You will take a few weeks to get back to normal functioning again, depending on the type of surgery you have received. After one week you should be able to return to non-strenuous activities, and to all activities after two to eight weeks depending on when you feel able. Most people return to work after one to two weeks.

It is normal to have some pain after hemorrhoid surgery , ranging from mild discomfort to more severe pain. If you have had invasive surgery such as hemorrhoidectomy or stapled hemorrhoidopexy, you are likely to experience more pain. Let your pain levels guide your activity and speak to your doctor about the most appropriate medications for you after having hemorrhoid surgery. They may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and naproxen, and you are also likely to get stronger painkillers such as codeine. Some healthcare centres will recommend not driving while you are taking these as they make you drowsy and slow your reactions.If you want to see information about hemorrhoid causes in details you may click the following link Hemorrhoid causes

In this video Tim Warden talks about his experience after haemorrhoid surgery:

Symptoms that may occur following a hemorrhoid surgery:
Itching
You may experience itching following surgery, especially if you had external hemorrhoids. Don’t worry about this, it’s a normal sign of the scar healing process and should disappear as the scar heals. If the itching gets severe, your doctor can prescribe an anti-itch cream such as an antihistamine.

Infection

Infection can be a risk in a small percentage of people (3-5% depending on the surgery type). It is often caused by stool getting into the wound site. If you have a high temperature or notice pus around the wound, please let your doctor or hospital know. You may need treatment with antibiotics if it turns out to be an infection.

Bleeding

A small amount of bleeding is quite common and you may notice blood on the toilet paper or in the toilet after defecation, particularly in the first few weeks and months. However, larger amounts of blood or clots may indicate a problem with the surgery and you should inform your healthcare team about this.

Incontinence of stool
Some people find they have some incontinence after hemorrhoid surgery. This should resolve within a few weeks – if not, discuss this with your physician.

Anal stenosis
If you are passing very small stools and you notice your anal canal is narrowed, you may have anal stenosis. This can occur as the scar tissue forms after surgery. One of the treatments for this is manual dilation. You may be able to do this yourself or with the assistance of your healthcare team via a procedure known as a sphincterotomy for mild stenosis or a larger operation known as an anoplasty for more severe stenosis.

Constipation
The disruption of surgery and pain medication will tend to make you more constipated.

what to eat after hemorrhoid surgery?
Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables and maintain a good water intake. If you have not opened your bowels every two or three days, take milk of magnesia, which should help your symptoms. If not, call your doctor or hospital team.

Urinary retention
Some people find their bladder stops working properly and they cannot pass urine. If you have not passed urine for eight hours and your stomach feels full and painful, get into a warm bath and try to urinate. If this doesn’t work, you will have to have a catheter to drain the urine. This is usually a temporary measure.

Caring for yourself following surgery
Take it slowly and be guided by your symptoms when you are recovering. After a bowel motion, you will be encouraged to take a warm bath to relieve the pain and clean the area. Most people find the after-effects of hemorrhoid surgery painful; some have described it as worse than having a hysterectomy.

Eat a high-fiber diet (including fiber supplements in breakfast cereals and sachets such as Fybogel) and drink plenty of water to prevent your stools from hardening. Your doctor may also recommend you take a stool softener long-term. Prune juice is a more natural alternative. You may also be given a sitz bath, or you can find one at a pharmacy on or the Internet. Add a handful of Epsom salts to each bath.

Long-term complications
One study investigated what happened to 633 patients in the first year after hemorrhoidectomy. Generally, they reported a higher quality of life and satisfaction with their symptoms than before the operation. On average, it took six weeks for them to heal after surgery. The main complications at one year were skin tags (0.25%) and anal stenosis (3.5%). Three patients required a repeat operation. Pain scores fell from 5.5 to 0.1 during the year and constipation also diminished. Anal incontinence persisted in 8.5%.

References

1. Heisler J. After Hemorrhoid Surgery: What You Can Expect After Hemorrhoid Treatments. 2011 Sep. http://surgery.about.com/od/aftersurgery/a/After-Hemorrhoid-Surgery-Treatments.htm. Accessed 31/05/13.

2. Get Rid of Hemorrhoids. WikiHow. http://www.wikihow.com/Get-Rid-of-Hemorrhoids. Accessed 31/05/13.

3. Surgery for Hemorrhoids. http://www.umassmemorial.org/File%20Library/files/cr/Surgery-Hemorrhoids.pdf. Accessed 31/05/13.

4. Bouchard D, et al. One-year outcome of haemorrhoidectomy: A prospective multicentre french study. Colorectal Dis. 2012 Dec 5.

5. Manfredelli S, et al. Conventional (CH) vs. stapled hemorrhoidectomy (SH) in surgical treatment of hemorrhoids. Ten years experience. Ann Ital Chir. 2012 Mar-Apr;83(2):129-34.